Avocado will be the fruit of typically the evergreen tree Perseus americana (Persea americana) of the laurel family members (Lavraceae) from exotic America. And avocados are alligator pear, alligator of the particular pear.
Avocados consist of at least eleven vitamins and fourteen minerals and avocado calories half is simply too high. It contains lots of vitamin E – the most crucial antioxidant. The oily pulp of an avocado does not contain heavy fats (all its fats are monounsaturated, like inside olive oil) plus cholesterol. The pulp of a fresh fruit consists associated with 30% vegetable fat, which nourish plus repair tissue tissues. Avocado will aid to forget regarding dry skin in addition to return shine in order to dull hair. This is useful to take in 1 avocado two times a week, in the winter – three occasions weekly (if there are no issues with excess weight).
Types and types
There are three kinds of avocado: Philippine, Guatemalan, and Western Indian.
The Philippine avocado has thin-skinned fruits, and typically the leaves in the woods, when rubbed, scent like anise. It is a cold-hardy culture that will well in the subtropics. The Guatemalan avocado has large fruit with thick epidermis; these trees are more capricious plus less cold-resistant. Probably Avocado calories half of avocado is the particular West Indian, developed mainly in the tropical forests.
All modern avocado varieties may date back to these three types. With regard to example, the Mexicola and Puebla types cultivated by European gardeners are Mexican, and the Fuerte variety is a new hybrid of Mexican and Guatemalan avocados.
In general, you can find about 400 varieties of avocados in the world, they fluctuate in shape (round, pear-shaped or oblong), size (from small , the size associated with a plum, to be able to large, weighing upwards to a kilogram) and taste associated with the fruit. The color of the peel can likewise be different, from light green to black and darkish purple. In most cases, avocados possibly remain green as they ripen, or differ from green to darker, sometimes even dark-colored when ripe.
The most common varieties that are frequently on the shelves of our stores are usually:
? gwen (Gwen), together with medium or large fruits of the rounded or slightly rectangular shape, dark green difficult skin and yellow-green flesh, which has a lighting egg flavor;
? zutano (Zutano), an elongated pear-shaped avocado along with a smooth, very easily peeled green skin, the taste associated with white or yellow-colored flesh is a bit like a great apple;
? reed (Reed), with round or perhaps oblong fruits, thicker pimply dark eco-friendly skin and lightweight yellow-colored flesh, taste — with a tip of pear plus nut;
? fuerte (Fuerte), a pear-shaped fruits with a smooth shiny green epidermis and also a delicate sweetish creamy taste;
? Pinkerton (Pinkerton), fruit pointed pear-shaped with a green flaky pores and skin, darkening as maturation, and yellowish pulp with gentle sweet taste;
? Hass (Hass), is the many common, the only commercially available all year round, oval fruit using a thick, in the mature form of a black-skinned in addition to white or yellow-colored oily pulp and nutty flavor;
? bacon (Bacon), with oblong juicy fruits, protected with a smooth thin dark environmentally friendly skin, the flavor is weak;
? mexicola (Mexicola), cold-resistant, somewhat drought-resistant variety, which often gives the maximum yield in the Caucasus. Fruits weighing up to one hundred g, dark violet, almost black whenever ripe, ripen in late August-September;
? puebla (Puebla), also a cold-resistant plant, ripens within the Gagra region in November-December, offers semi-ovate fruits along with dark brown epidermis, weighing up in order to 200 g;
? Ettinger (Ettinger) has the shape of a new pear with a great easy-to-release large bone and soft pulp that melts in the mouth. In Israel, from wherever avocados of this variety are released to Russia, ettinger will be the first selection of the growing season: that ripens from the start of autumn (haas, fuerte, pinkerton and reed in Israel ripen later).